Why You Need to Seek the Help of an Orthodontist
The medical term orthodontia is basically referring to the branch or the specialty field of dentistry that is also called as dentofacial orthopedics or orthodontics. The origin of the term orthodontics is the Greek words, orthos that means straight or correct, and odont that means tooth. This certain branch of dentistry is designed to deal with the prevention, correction and diagnosis of any incorrect and improper position or malposition of the teeth and jaws. The teeth and the jaws that do not fit together correctly and are crooked can cause extra stress on the chewing muscles which may lead to temporomandibular joint or TMJ syndrome, neck pain, shoulder pain, back pain, and headaches; at risk of losing the teeth early due to periodontal disease and tooth decay; and are definitely harder to keep or maintain its cleanliness.
The orthodontist is referring to the one who has the skills and the knowledge and specializes in orthodontics, and he or she has basically undergone a special training program approved by the ADA after he or she has graduated or finished in obtaining a dental degree. The people who definitely needs to obtain the dental services or the help of an orthodontist include the ones who have crowding, wherein they have too many teeth for the dental ridge to accommodate; spacing, wherein there are spaces or gaps between their teeth; misplaced midline, wherein the center of their upper front teeth are unaligned with the center of their lower front teeth; underbite, wherein their teeth is in bulldog appearance; crossbite, wherein their upper teeth does not come down slightly in front of their lower teeth when biting; open bite, refers to the space between the biting surfaces of their side and front area when the back teeth are biting together; and overbite, which is also called as buck teeth and it is where their upper front teeth lie too far forward or stick out over their lower teeth.
Some of the common treatments done by the orthodontist to their patients includes the use of the removable appliances and fixed appliances, and this can affect the growth of the jaws, help move the teeth and retrain the muscles of their mouth. The three most common fixed appliances used by the orthodontist includes the fixed space maintainers, which can be used to keep the space open until the eruption of the permanent teeth; the braces, which is recognized as the most common fixed appliances used by the orthodontist and it consists of wires, brackets, and bands; and the special fixed appliances, which is being used to control tongue thrusting or thumb sucking and these are being attached to the teeth with the use of bands. The different kinds of removable appliances produced and used by the orthodontist to their patients includes the jaw repositioning appliances, the headgear, the aligners, the removable space maintainers, the removable retainers, the palatal expander, and the lip and cheek bumpers.
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