The Globalization has become an irreversible historical process constantly expanding and evolving at the same time the social and economic conditions in the most developed nations have succeeded raising productivity and concentration of capital. No one individual can have mastered work done by such a range of figures, representing as they do a number of quite different frameworks or approaches; and relatedly no one person stands as emblematic of the entire field of philosophy of education, and no one type of philosophical writing serves as the norm, either.
Modern society is mysterious, a sort of blind and evil force which prevents the individual from exercising free choice and the joy of life, permitting him only to yield to his uncomprehended fate. The world’s famous encyclopedia Encyclopedia Britannica has defined philosophy as” the critical examination of the grounds for fundamental beliefs and an analysis of the basic concepts employed in the expression of such beliefs.
Plato, Aristotle and Socrates upheld that education is of enormous ethical and political importance. It is participation in the common life of democratic society that realizes the freedom of the individual and produces growth in him and in society. Education without philosophy is blind and philosophy without education is invalid” (Thomas, 1968).
The educational belief of the philosopher is based in their observation that able them how the learner learn the subject matter. In philosophy of education we see that education helps one to live a better life. However, we are going to analyze the philosophy (aims & objectives) of formal education.
Thus, most answers from the naturalist student or teacher on any raised questions or issues about teaching will reflect the naturalism belief on the natural things.” On the other hand, Positivism is another philosophy which centres on the beliefs in empirical world as observed by five senses.